AFGANISTAN

Capital: Kabul, Currency: Afghan Afghani (AFN) AFGANISTAN

Capital: Kabul, Currency: Afghan Afghani (AFN)

Geography

A landlocked mountainous country with plains in the north and southwest, Afghanistan is located within South Asia and Central Asia. It is part of the US-coined Greater Middle East Muslim world, which lies between latitudes 29° N and 39° N, and longitudes 60° E and 75° E. The country’s highest point is Noshaq, at 7,492 m (24,580 ft) above sea level. It has a continental climate with harsh winters in the central highlands, the glaciated northeast (around Nuristan), and the Wakhan Corridor, where the average temperature in January is below −15 °C (5 °F), and hot summers in the low-lying areas of the Sistan Basin of the southwest, the Jalalabad basin in the east, and the Turkestan plains along the Amu River in the north, where temperatures average over 35 °C (95 °F) in July.

 

Landscapes of Afghanistan, from left to right: 1. Band-e Amir National Park; 2. Salang Pass inParwan Province; 3. Korangal Valley in Kunar Province; and 4. Kajaki Dam in Helmand Province

Despite having numerous rivers and reservoirs, large parts of the country are dry. The endorheic Sistan Basin is one of the driest regions in the world. Aside from the usual rainfall, Afghanistan receives snow during the winter in the Hindu Kush and Pamir Mountains, and the melting snow in the spring season enters the rivers, lakes, and streams. However, two-thirds of the country’s water flows into the neighboring countries of Iran, Pakistan, and Turkmenistan. The state needs more than US$2 billion to rehabilitate its irrigation systems so that the water is properly managed.

The northeastern Hindu Kush mountain range, in and around the Badakhshan Province of Afghanistan, is in a geologically active area where earthquakes may occur almost every year. They can be deadly and destructive sometimes, causing landslides in some parts or avalanches during the winter. The last strong earthquakes were in 1998, which killed about 6,000 people in Badakhshan near Tajikistan.[101] This was followed by the 2002 Hindu Kush earthquakes in which over 150 people were killed and over 1,000 injured. A 2010 earthquake left 11 Afghans dead, over 70 injured, and more than 2,000 houses destroyed.

The country’s natural resources include: coal, copper, iron ore, lithium, uranium, rare earth elements,chromite, gold, zinc, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, marble, precious and semi-precious stones, natural gas, and petroleum, among other things.[102][103] In 2010, US and Afghan government officials estimated that untapped mineral deposits located in 2007 by the US Geological Survey are worth between$900 bn and $3 trillion.[104]

At 652,230 km2 (251,830 sq mi), Afghanistan is the world’s 41st largest country, slightly bigger than France and smaller than Burma, about the size of Texas in the United States. It borders Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and China in the far east.

Ethnic groups

Main article: Ethnic groups in Afghanistan

 

Ethnolinguistic groups of Afghanistan

Afghanistan is a multiethnic society, and its historical status as a crossroads has contributed significantly to its diverse ethnic makeup. The population of the country is divided into a wide variety of ethnolinguistic groups. Because a systematic census has not been held in the nation in decades, exact figures about the size and composition of the various ethnic groups are unavailable. An approximate distribution of the ethnic groups is shown in the chart below:

Ethnic groups in Afghanistan
Ethnic group 2004–2014  Pre-2004 
Pashtun 42% 38–55%
Tajik 27% 26% (of this 1% are Qizilbash)
Hazara 8% 9–10%
Uzbek 9% 6–8%
Aimaq 4% 500,000 to 800,000
Turkmen 3% 2.5%
Baloch 2% 100,000
Others (Pashayi,Nuristani, Arab, Brahui,Pamiri, Gurjar, etc.) 4% 6.9%

Languages

Main article: Languages of Afghanistan
Spoken languages of Afghanistan
         
Dari (Afghan Persian)
  
50%
Pashto
  
35%
Uzbek and Turkmen
  
11%
30 others including Arabic
  
4%

Pashto and Dari are the official languages of Afghanistan; bilingualism is very common. Both are Indo-European languages from theIranian languages sub-family. Dari (Afghan Persian) has long been the prestige language and a lingua franca for inter-ethnic communication. It is the native tongue of the Tajiks, Hazaras, Aimaks, and Kizilbash.[116] Pashto is the native tongue of the Pashtuns, although many Pashtuns often use Dari and some non-Pashtuns are fluent in Pashto.

Other languages, including Uzbek, Arabic, Turkmen, Balochi, Pashayi, and Nuristani languages (Ashkunu, Kamkata-viri, Vasi-vari, Tregami, and Kalasha-ala), are the native tongues of minority groups across the country and have official status in the regions where they are widely spoken. Minor languages also include Pamiri (Shughni, Munji, Ishkashimi, and Wakhi), Brahui, Hindko, and Kyrgyz. A small percentage of Afghans are also fluent in Urdu, English, and other languages.

Read on to this section to find-out about details of the nearest embassy of country or consulate of the country you want to visit. Apart from the office details, this section also includes the contact information and timings (for the visits).

New Delhi

Name:Embassy of the Islamic State of Afghanistan

Address:5/50-F, Shantipath, Chanakyapuri

City:New Delhi – 110 021

Country:India

Telephone:2410 0412, 2688 3601, 2688 3602, 2687 5686

Fax:2687 5439, 2467 0486

Timings:Mon to Fri

Office Timings:0930 to 1600 hrs

Visa Timings:0900 to 1200 hrs

Email:info@afghanembassy.in , delhi@afghanistan-mfa.net , afghanconsul@indiatimes.com

Territory Jurisdiction:Visa is handled for J&K, Punjab, H.P. Haryana, Rajasthan, Utter Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Jharkhand and North Eastern States

Collection Timings:1500 to 1600 hrs

Mumbai

Name:Consulate of Afghanistan

Address:115, Walkeshwar Road

City:Mumbai – 400 006

Country:India

Telephone:2363 3777, 2369 2328, 2369 2828

Fax:2363 5437

Timings:Mon to Fri

Office Timings:0930 to 1500 hrs

Visa Timings:1000 to 1300 hrs

Email:afghancg_mumbai@yahoo.com

Territory Jurisdiction:Visa is handled for Gujrat, Maharastra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, A.P., Oriasa, Karnataka, Daman, Diu and Goa.

Collection Timings:0900 to 1300 hrs

VISA is referred by Embassy & applicant need to come personally to submit & collect the passport him/her self.

  1. Original Passports with 6 months validity from date of travel, validity of passports for six months fro date of travel.Have at least two blank pages.
  2. Visa Application Form.
  3. 2 Photos 35 X 45mm, white background, matt finish 70% face size.
  4. Covering letter from applicant mentioning, personal, passport, travel and who will bear the expenses details.
  5. In case of entry visa, the applicant must have an invitation letter approved by the Consular Department, Ministry Of Foreign Affairs of The Islamic Republic Of   Afghanistan.

Physical Appearance of the applicant is must.

Visa Fees: NIL

Visa Processing Time: 5-10 days

Courier charges: INR 150/- upto 4 passports.

Note

Although the information on this website has been prepared with utmost care. However, regulations and requirements are subject to change.

*Note:

Visa Fee Subject to Change.

Although the information on this website has been prepared with utmost care. However, regulations and requirements are subject to change.

Embassy/Consulate reserves the right to ask for additional documents or personal appearance for an interview in special cases. Submission of the above-mentioned documents does not guarantee that a visa is granted. Submission of incomplete documentation or refusal to appear for a special visa interview may result in the rejection of your application.

VISA is referred by Embassy & applicant need to come personally to submit & collect the passport him/her self.

  1. Original Passports with 6 months validity from date of travel, validity of passports for six months fro date of travel.Have at least two blank pages.
  2. Visa Application Form.
  3. 2 Photos 35 X 45mm, white background, matt finish 70% face size.
  4. Covering letter from applicant mentioning, personal, passport, travel and who will bear the expenses details.
  5. In case of entry visa, the applicant must have an invitation letter approved by the Consular Department, Ministry Of Foreign Affairs of The Islamic Republic Of   Afghanistan.

Physical Appearance of the applicant is must.

Visa Fees: NIL

Visa Processing Time: 5-10 days

Courier charges: INR 150/- upto 4 passports.

*Note:

Visa Fee Subject to Change.

Although the information on this website has been prepared with utmost care. However, regulations and requirements are subject to change.

Embassy/Consulate reserves the right to ask for additional documents or personal appearance for an interview in special cases. Submission of the above-mentioned documents does not guarantee that a visa is granted. Submission of incomplete documentation or refusal to appear for a special visa interview may result in the rejection of your application.

VISA is referred by Embassy & applicant need to come personally to submit & collect the passport him/her self.

 
  1. Original Passports with 6 months validity from date of travel, validity of passports for six months fro date of travel.Have at least two blank pages.
  2. Visa Application Form.
  3. 2 Photos 35 X 45 mm, white background, matte finish 70% face size.
  4. Covering letter from applicant mentioning, personal, passport, travel and who will bear the expenses details.
  5. Confirmed Onward ticket
  6. Onward country’s visa

Visa Fees: 30 USD

Visa Processing Time: 5-10 days

Courier charges: INR 150/- upto 4 passports.

Note

Although the information on this website has been prepared with utmost care. However, regulations and requirements are subject to change.
 

*Note:

Visa Fee Subject to Change.

Although the information on this website has been prepared with utmost care. However, regulations and requirements are subject to change.

Embassy/Consulate reserves the right to ask for additional documents or personal appearance for an interview in special cases. Submission of the above-mentioned documents does not guarantee that a visa is granted. Submission of incomplete documentation or refusal to appear for a special visa interview may result in the rejection of your application.

VISA is referred by Embassy & applicant need to come personally to submit & collect the passport him/her self.

  1. Original Passports with 6 months validity from date of travel, validity of passports for six months fro date of travel.Have at least two blank pages.
  2. Visa Application Form.
  3. 2 Photos 35 X 45mm, white background, matt finish 70% face size.
  4. A letter from the applicant’s employer addressed to the media section of the embassy. Besides, confirming the applicant’s employment the letter should mention the purpose of applicant’s visit to Afghanistan.
  5. Copy of applicant’s press card issued by Indian Government.

Physical Appearance of the applicant is must.

Visa Fees: NIL

Courier charges: INR 150/- upto 4 passports.

Processing Time: the visa application processing normally takes 5 to 14 working days, once the visa application is approved the applicant’s will be informed through email to submit his/her passport to the consular section for visa stamp, you are required to pay the visa fee at the time of submitting your passport at the consular section. It takes  1 to 2 working days to get the visa stamp on your passport, in case you want your visa to be issued within 24 hours, you need to pay an extra amount of $50 American Dollar.

Visa issued for with a validity of 3 months which allows the journalist to stay for 30 days is issued. However, if the journalist wants to stay longer she/he can extend the visa at Minister of Foreign Affairs in Kabul. Journalists can apply for 6 months multiple entry visa at MoFA.

Application along with other support documents need to submit the documents at media section of Consulate on any working day during the week with prior appointment.

*Note:

Visa Fee Subject to Change.

Although the information on this website has been prepared with utmost care. However, regulations and requirements are subject to change.

Embassy/Consulate reserves the right to ask for additional documents or personal appearance for an interview in special cases. Submission of the above-mentioned documents does not guarantee that a visa is granted. Submission of incomplete documentation or refusal to appear for a special visa interview may result in the rejection of your application.